Home > economics, finance, markets, philosophy, Uncategorized > Investing and Philosophy: understanding the three stages of truth

Investing and Philosophy: understanding the three stages of truth


By Phil  Osophy



All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident.” – Arthur Schopenhauer

A short essay which equates secular market timing to the three stages of truth

“Investing” has to do with the psychology of human beings. Understanding the three stages of truth can help enormously in understanding the financial markets, or anything else for that matter.

This essay uses the term “investing”, very loosely because it’s meaning has become muddled.  Todays 24 hour global on line financial markets much more accurately depict a legalized on line gaming environment. If there was any truth in advertising, qualified participants (people who have money qualify) could click on buy, sell, on line poker, horse races or craps. There is no reason they shouldn’t all be on the same screen.

Baby boomers now beginning to think of retiring grew up watching Mutual of Omaha’s Wild kingdom and were sold on the idea that their mutual funds would provide for it by nice people with expensive desks. The idea was that if you “invested for the long term”, your real wealth would compound. Merrill Lynch was bullish on America. They never said if they were bullish on themselves.  It is now obvious that this was all a con job, but the idea is disputed. Similarly, the idea that the global financial markets have devolved into a legalized gaming casino is past the stage of denial, and now the obvious truth is being met with a lot of opposition, mostly by all the interests vested in it. So these are two examples where we are currently on the second phase of truth.

Back to the point…

The fields of advertising and public relations have grown more potent, omnipotent and omnipresent. Everyone in the world, market participant or not,  is subject to a 24 hour PR cycle. Markets are linked globally and trading on ninety something percent leverage amplify the “news”(PR). The markets routinely have exaggerated daily movements of several percentage points as market participants try to estimate relative values by buying and selling at the speed of light and up to 99 percent leverage. The whole thing is driven by perception, belief and confidence…and it’s amplified by a debt based fiat currency system.

using the three stages of truth for practical purposes…

The first stage of truth is always met with denial. Human psychology…”the crowd”, collectively never want to acknowledge what is right under their nose. The crowd is always herd like. George Orwell wrote “to see what is in front of one’s nose needs a constant struggle”.  To do that requires independent thinking. In order to operate in the first stage of truth, by definition this expresses an opinion that is counter to the collective opinion.

George Soros wrote, “markets influence events they anticipate”. That is certainly true, until it isn’t. In other words, the real estate bubble, in the second stage of truth, was still influencing the event (higher prices) they were anticipating. By the time the third stage of truth came along, the market was collapsing. So the market participants collectively had to go from anticipating higher prices, to anticipating lower prices, and that happened because of the third stage of truth, which was only achieved by the market beginning to collapse. The actual root cause of this particular collapse (rising interest rates and unpayable debts), are what finally tipped this unsustainable bubble from the second to the third stage of truth.

Some would argue it all comes down to the math, and ultimately you would expect math to dictate events, but because of the three stages of truth, the math can take a back seat for long periods in the interim.  For example, the debt and future obligations of the US government (as well as many other governments today running fiat currencies) are far too large to ever be repaid except in greatly inflated dollars. So this item is currently in the second stage of truth. In spite of the fact that this debt is an order of magnitude too large to be repaid, and despite the fact that this is staring everyone in the face, the value of the currency has yet to collapse against real things because the truth is being violently opposed.  So despite the fact it is obvious that this debt cannot be repaid, people with vested interests in it will defend it’s legitimacy here in the second stage of truth.

When Bernie Madoff’s NASDAQ was peaking out around 10 years ago, it was supposed to go on forever. This new dot com era changed the whole game. “It was different this time”. It always is in the first stage of truth. Then there was the real estate bubble where anyone with a pulse could get a zero down loan because it was obvious that real estate prices would go up forever and would never go down. Supposedly intelligent people at the time would come on TV and say that. So these are both examples of things that were all right under everyone’s nose. First the truths were met with denial and ridicule, then in the second stage of truth met with opposition. In other words, when the real estate market began to collapse, that idea was met with extreme skepticism. Following that, in the third stage of truth after the collapse, it is now obvious to everyone that it was an unsustainable bubble.

A key point is that only hindsight offers the actual truth and even then is subject to historical revision.  So that’s the problem with any trading system. At the first stage, is the truth being met with denial because it’s either the truth or is the hypothesis simply wrong. Things that are wrong will also be met with denial because they were not the truth.

By definition, the application of this idea requires you have to have the ability, conviction, confidence and correctness to see the truth when that truth is the subject of denial and ridicule. It it is not the subject of ridicule, then either it is not the truth or it is already in the second stage of truth.

Famed investor Jim Rogers was once quoted as saying “buy value sell hysteria”. This is another example of the stages of truth. Value occurs in the first stage of truth. When Gold was trading below $300, people buying gold and gold derivatives were the subject of ridicule from the herd. Hysteria occurs during the second stage of truth. The stage where it’s obvious that this cannot continue forever, and despite that, it is continuing, and being defended against criticism. When the hysteria peaks, when the hypocrisy of the defenders becomes too great then the hysteria ends, the bubble bursts, and the third stage of truth is achieved. The short seller would of course, also like to sell in the transition phase between the second and third stages of truth.

Summarizing this idea, financial markets are legalized casinos with credit up to 99 percent of the purchase price and available on demand. Psychology and herd behavior drive the markets. They operate on belief and confidence or lack thereof…. according to the three stages of truth. Market relationships are purely a product of perception, belief, and confidence. Those all follow the three stages of truth. The efficient market theory is wrong and only still used by ivory tower academics, not successful market participants.

Using the three stages of truth for practical purposes, ideally a position would be initiated in the first stage of truth and held through the second stage when it is being met by opposition. Then, the position is terminated or reversed at the transition to third stage of truth, when it is obvious to everyone what the truth is.


I write to you from a disgraced profession « Real-World Economics Review Blog
[filed under: failed financial system, John Maynard Keynes, Fraud, flat earth Economics professors]
The following is the text of  James Galbraith‘s written statement to members of the Senate Judiciary Committee delivered a few days ago.
I write to you from a disgraced profession. Economic theory, as widely taught since the 1980s, failed miserably to understand the forces behind the financial crisis. Concepts including “rational expectations,” “market discipline,” and the “efficient markets hypothesis” led economists to argue that speculation would stabilize prices, that sellers would act to protect their reputations, that caveat emptor could be relied on, and that widespread fraud therefore could not occur. Not all economists believed this – but most did.

  1. Davos
    May 17, 2010 at 2:21 am

    Super read, thank you.

  2. Ed Jucevic
    May 17, 2010 at 8:30 pm

    Immanuel Kant had some interesting comments in his Critique of Pure Reason. He distinguished between three degrees of belief or assent. 1.) Opinion – admits that it is both subjectively and objectively insufficient. 2.) Faith or conviction – which is subjectively but not objectively sufficient. and 3.) Knowledge – which is both subjectively and objectively sufficient. He further indicated that the nature of knowledge was to be readily transmittable to any normally intelligent and cultivated individual.

    • May 18, 2010 at 1:17 pm

      Thanks for the comment Ed. Interesting thoughts.

  3. ursel doran
    May 18, 2010 at 3:31 am

    Sadly, very sadly, the first stage of truth has not come to the fore for todays markets. The old hands, Rich Russell, Fisher, Buffett, et al, cannot admit the entire market is a monstrouse manipulated con game run by flash trading computers. The tragedy is that the whole theft operation from the system is now under the explicit approval of the government by fraudlent accounting by the banks, FASB approved, and financed by free money from the ultimate long running crime syndicate, the FED, for the benefit of their children, the Banksters.

    Very few of the “Lame Stream Media” knew or cared what was shown by the three big banksters full quarter of only trading gains every day. Not a single losing day. “It Must Be Magic!”
    When it finally stops from implosion of cascading defaults of much to much debt,
    ie., default and liquidation there is no way to stop it.
    Green Acres is going to be an excellent place to be.
    The American public has absolutely no ability whatsoever to handle any stress from any serious issues like bank holidays, food supply disruption, etc.
    See the sequence of events and societal response in Argentinamultiply times at least Ten, due to our totally spoiled rotten narcisstic populace.
    Think Katrina times Ten.

    • May 18, 2010 at 1:19 pm

      Hi U.

      Yes, There are a lot of people I respect out there whose market opinions are clouded by the failure to recognize the extent of the fraud, manipulation that has become a matter of course. Thanks for the comment !

  4. Ed
    May 20, 2010 at 6:26 pm

    I printed this out for a “non internet user” friend. Thanks. Very thought provoking as are all your other posts !

  5. ursel doran
    May 20, 2010 at 6:42 pm

    There are some rumblings in the jungle about class action lawsuits against JPM for silver market manipulation, and also some rumblings about the Interpol agents who have set up shop in Treasury that we have not heard a peep from since announced.
    Some significant potential perp walks MAY be coming..
    We can only hope.
    Per Jack Nichelson; “The truth, you weenies cannot stand the truth”.

  6. Bill
    May 21, 2010 at 2:46 pm

    I think you make a good point that trading and markets is about the psyche of market participants and the casino like atmosphere that has been created. It’s hard to argue there is any sort of value floor any more.

  7. Tom
    May 21, 2010 at 2:49 pm

    When Goldman is making money every single trading day of a quarter, you realize the importance of knowing what’s going to happen in advance !

  8. May 27, 2010 at 4:00 pm

    Hehe am I honestly the only comment to your incredible read?

  9. May 29, 2010 at 8:51 pm

    If only I had a greenback for each time I came to earthblognews Great writing.

  10. May 30, 2010 at 9:31 pm

    You have done it once more. Superb writing!

  11. June 1, 2010 at 12:33 am

    Very awesome read! Honestly.

  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply to earthblognews Cancel reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: